Norbert Fiebig has been contributing to some well-known astronomy projects. Here we present an overview of references, which shed light on the range of experiences.

Very Large Telescope

Contribution to the development of the Telescope Control System (TCS) for ESO's Very Large Telescope (VLT), for instance software modules for control of alt/az main axis, dome wind shield, tracking / technical cameras, motor control library and atmospheric dispersion corrector. These activities spanned the development phases from design, over coding and automated unit test, to deployment, documentation and maintenance. All kinds of software, e.g. device drivers, infrastructure components, control applications, client software and graphical user interfaces have been developped in C, C++ and TCL/TK on VxWorks, Linux and Unix.

Image Very Large Telescope (VLT)

Credit: ESO

Image SOFIA - Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy

Credit: DLR

SOFIA - the "flying observatory"

Norbert Fiebig participated in the conception and development of the "flying observatory" SOFIA (Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy) tracking system with both, system engineering and software development. Since 2017 we are the sole provider of software maintenance for the master control processor, tracker controller and camera control processors, for the DSI (Deutsches SOFIA-Institut).

In 2014 a modernization of the tracking system and technical cameras has been started, including a system engineering redesign. Norbert Fiebig presented this project in a conference talk at the SPIE Astronomical Telescopes & Instrumentation, see Evolution-of-the-SOFIA-Tracking-System.

Andor Camera Control

Andor Technology ® is a leading provider of high-end EMCCD, CD and SCMOS cameras for astronomy. We developped control software for a range of their cameras, including camera monitoring & control, real-time image processing, local storage in FITS format and image transfer to multiple clients in real-time. Various models of the camera families iXon 3, iXon Ultra, iKonL and the flagship iKon XL are supported.The contro software has been a designed as a multi process system in C++ on Linux, being deployed on robust industrial PCs.

Image Andor camera

Credit: Andor Technology Ltd.

Image Focal Plane Imager GUI

FPI Science Laptop GUI

Development of a Graphical User Interface(GUI) for the upgraded SOFIA Focal Plane Imager FPI+ which allows the camera to be used either as a tracking camera or as a science instrument. The GUI has been implemented in C++ based on the Qt framework.

A shared library provides the infrastructure for access to the FPI control computer by multiple clients in parallel via only one TCP connection. Language bindings for C++ and Python have been provided.This enables operational scenarios like automated online image acquisition and data reduction by Python scripts, in paralel to interactive instrument control via GUI.


Experimental integration of the tool for computation of the astrometric solution of an image into the ICCR camera controller. The algorithm configuration has been optimized for the instrument. The local integration, i.e. without requirement for an internet connection enables automated real-time plate solving on captured images. The astrometric solution can be stored in WCS keywords in the FITS headers

Image logo


Image PSF

Active Optics Control

Conception of a control prototype for the active optics of main mirrors in meter class telescopes. The active optics controls three electro mechanical actuators to aligns the main mirror to the oprical axis and at the same time serves for focussing. The control software has been implemented in C++ under Linux on a small Single Board Computer, located on the telescope. In addition, a graphical user interface app for Windows and a focusser driver for the ASCOM interface have been developped.

Algorithms for the Adaptive Optics MACAO

Evolution and optimization of realtime algorithms for the Adaptive Optics system MACAO (Multi Application Curvature Active Optics), e.g. non-linear piston control, saturation management, anti windup, wafel mode removal, etc.The algorithms have been designed and tested with MatLab and implemented in C++ for deployment on VMEbus systems with PowerPC CPUs under VxWorks. Further, maintenance of the control software for the high-voltage amplifier system for the deformable mirror has been provided.

Image Laser Guide Star

Credit: ESO

Image Schaltschrank-Ausschnitt

Control Cabinets for Telescope Control

Coaching of the conception of two control cabinets for commercial meter class optical telescopes and their direct drive azimutal and equatorial mounts. This included control of the mounts, holding brakes, fans, mirror flaps, temperature sensors, etc. The motion control sub-system has been designed for satellite tracking, which demands a very fast path movement, combined with a high pointing accuracy. Further, a concept for flexibility of the I/O sub-system to comply with individual customer requirements has been developped.

ASTRO.control - platform for astronomy control applications

ASTRO.control is a platform for development of control software for astronomic instruments and telescopes. It enables an institute's software engineers to start their development from a high level. The platform is based upon industrial PCs and a dedicated Linux distribution, optimized for control applications. It provides a software infrastructure and framework on which control applications can be built with heavily reduced effort. The specification and conceptual design of the ASTRO.control system have been developped by Norbert Fiebig.

Image ASTRO.control icon
Image MTG

Credit: ESA

Meteosat 3rd Generation

"Meteosat 3rd Generation" is an ESA (Europan Space Agency) program for development of the next generation of european geostationary weather satellite system. The system includes pairs of satellits, each consisting of a flexible combined imager (FCI) and an infrared sounder (IRS) satellite. Norbert Fiebig was intensively involved in the system software requirements analysis and system software specification of the IRS instrument, an infrared telescope and hyperspectral Fourier interferometer, substantiating the expertise in mission critical systems and development under ESA ECCS standards.

GUI for Astronocimal Image Processing

Fiebig Astrotechnik developed a modern graphical application for image processing of astronomical CCD images. The application is available for Windows and Linux operating systems, shows a convenient graphical user interface and fast response. It provides inspection, calibration and astrometric / photometric evaluation, as well as functions for filtering, batch operations, image blinking and more. All pixel computations are exexcuted in floating point artihmetic. FITS and other file formats are supported.

Image AIPS screenshot
Image USNO2

Credit:, PMM team

UCAC4 Viewer

Fiebig Astrotechnik developed an interactive graphical viewer for the very large UCAC4, the fourth U.S. Naval Observatory CCD Astrograph Catalog. The application has been designed with a focus on fast rendering and intuitive control, the display is in chart style. It has been implemented in C++ for maximum performance and is based on the Qt framework. Versions for Windows and Linux are available.

Experience with Raptor Cameras

Fiebig Astrotechnik is a software partner of Raptor Photonics ®, a manufacurer of high-end CCD-, EMCCD- and SWIR-Kameras, which find a lot of interest by engineers for astronomic instruments. Fiebig Astrotechnik provides support for development of control software or user interfaces for Raptor cameras. The models Eagle, Falcon, Kingfisher, Kite and Owl have also been integrated into the ASTRO.control infrastructure.

Image Raptor OWL 1280

Credit: Raptor Photonics

Image INDI logo


INDI - Instrument Neutral Distributed Interface

INDI defines a communication protocol and generic architecture, specifically for control of astronomy devices, see In contrast to the Windows focused ASCOM standard the INDI protocol is platform independent. Further, it is designed for a setup, where the devices are controlled by an embedded computer at the telescope and instrument, while the user interface applications run on control room workstations, connected via network. Fiebig Astrotechnik has developed INDI device drivers and graphical user interfaces for INDI systems.